Plastic Products

Plastic Products

Plastics are a wide range of synthetic or semi-synthetic materials, that usually use a polymers as a main ingredient. The plasticity during production makes it possible for plastic to be mouldedextruded or pressed into solid objects of various shapes, making them an adaptable material for many different uses. This adaptability, plus a wide range of beneficial properties, such as being light weight, durable and flexible, alongside cheap production processes has led to widespread adoption in contemporary society. Plastics typically are made through human industrial systems; most modern plastics are derived from fossil fuel based petrochemicals like natural gas or petroleum; however, recent industrial methods use variants made from renewable materials such as derivatives of corn or cotton. 

Plastics have many uses throughout society. In developed economies, about a third of plastic is used in packaging and roughly the same in buildings in applications such as pipingplumbing or vinyl siding. Other uses include automobiles (up to 20% plastic ), furniture, and toys. In the developing world, the applications of plastic may differ, 42% of India’s consumption is used in packaging. For example, in the medical field as well, with the introduction of polymer implants and other medical devices derived at least partially from plastic. Worldwide, about 50 kg of plastic is produced annually per person, with production doubling every ten years.

The world’s first fully synthetic plastic was bakelite, invented in New York in 1907, by Leo Baekeland, who coined the term “plastics”. Dozens of different types of plastics are produced today, with many consumers interacting with common plastics like polyethylene, which is widely used in consumer packaging, and polyvinyl chloride, used in construction and pipes because of its durability and strength. Many chemists have contributed to the materials science of plastics, including Nobel laureate Hermann Staudinger, who has been called “the father of polymer chemistry” and Herman Mark, known as “the father of polymer physics“.

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